The Symbolism of the Early Stūpa
By Peter Harvey27 pages
The four toraṇas, or gateways, [put] the stūpa, symbolically, at the place where four roads meet, as is specified in the Mahāparinibbāna Sutta.
How the early Buddhists took the burial mounds and sacrificial posts of prehistoric India and adapted them to fit their new religious context:
the stūpa symbolises the Dharma and the transformations it brings