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Widening our Perspective

Module 13 of An Introduction to Buddhism.

Wisdom is the ability to recognize and contextualize our experience.

Photo by Serge Ottaviani, CC BY-SA 3.0


Biography of Shakyamuni Buddha – Ven Master Hsing Yun (.pdf) (.epub) (.pdf) (.epub)

Continue with Chapters 39–44 on how the Buddha responded to tragedy in the early Saṅgha.

The result of mindfulness is increased mental clarity. Chapter 7 (“Concentration”) discusses these heightened states of consciousness.

Chapter 7 of Fundamentals discusses how Concentration leads to “Wisdom”

Chapter 9 (“Four Kinds of Happiness”) outlines the happiness beyond sensual indulgence which is accessible through meditation.

And Chapter 4 of WTBT is optional reading on wisdom’s ultimate goal: Nibbāna


This module, I’m excited to introduce you to Ayya Santussika Bhikkhuni: a Theravada nun living in California.

In this talk, Ayya revisits the teachings on karma and explains how to hold them wisely.

Further Listening

For more talks by Ayya Santussika, see her teacher page on


Here are a couple reflection questions for today’s lesson. And with only two modules left to go…